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Category: Classical Greek

Reading for GCSE Classical Greek

Read the passage and answer the questions. The Wooden Horse of Troy. οἱ Ἕλληνες δέκα ἔτη ἐμάχοντο τοῖς Τρωσίν. ἐβούλοντο γὰρ τὴν Τροίαν λαμβάνειν, ἀλλὰ οὐχ οἷοιτ’ ἦσαν. τέλος δὲ μέγαν ἵππον ξύλινον ἐποίησαν, καὶ ἐν τούτῳ στρατιώτας ἔκρυψαν.ἔπειτα δὲ οἱ ἄλλοι Ἕλληνες πρὸς νῆσόν…

ω-Verbs: Present System Active

Verb =βουλεύω     indicative subjunctive optative imperative imperfect indic. s. 1 βουλεύω βουλεύω βουλεύοιμι ἐβούλευον   2 βουλεύεις βουλεύῃς βουλεύοις βούλευε ἐβούλευες   3 βουλεύει βουλεύῃ βουλεύοι βουλευέτω ἐβούλευε(ν)   d. 2 βουλεύετον βουλεύητον βουλεύοιτον βουλεύετον ἐβουλεύετον   3 βουλεύετον βουλεύητον βουλευοίτην βουλευέτων ἐβουλευέτην…

2 notes on accents- Classical Greek

While some vowels are LONG “BY NATURE” (e.g. η, ω…), ALL DIPHTHONGS are long (e.g., ει, οι, ευ…). There are two exceptions, however, to this diphthong rule. For indicative verbs – and all nouns and infinitives – FINAL –αι and –οι were pronounced quickly by the Greeks, and so regarded as short when determining accent type and placement. Note,…