The word ‘ Myth’ originates from the Greek word μύθος, meaning ‘word’ or ‘tale’ or ‘true narrative’, referring not only to the means by which it was transmitted but also to its being rooted in truth. Mythos was also closely related to the word μυώ, meaning ‘to teach’, or ‘to initiate into the mysteries’. This is how the word was interpreted by Homer—who is generally identified to have lived in the 7 th or 8 th century B.C.E.—when composing his great works, including The Iliad , in which he meant to convey a truth.
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