Verb groups

There are two main groups of verbs according to the ending of their citation form, i.e. the first person singular in the present tense of the active voice. Verbs that belong to group A always end in an unstressed -ω, while verbs that belong to group B end in a stressed -ώ. A subgroup of them (B1) may also have a second form in -άω. The same grouping applies to the mediopassive form (-μαι): group A verbs take the ending -ομαι, while group B1 verbs take the ending -ιέμαι and group B2 verbs take the ending -ούμαι.

γράφω – γράφομαι Group A

αγαπάω/-ώ – αγαπιέμαι Group Β1

εξηγώ- εξηγούμαι Group B2

Some verbs have only active forms (τρέχω) while others (deponent verbs) have only medio-passive forms (έρχομαι).

You can also read: Future Continuous

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