The word order and the negative in Classical Greek

Word Order

This is much more flexible than in Latin. The verb need not come at the end, though it can.

Examples

  • Ἀκούω τήν βοήν.
  • Ὁ ἄγγελος διώκει τόν δοῦλον.
  • Ὁ στρατός φυλάσσει τόν ποταμόν. 
  • Ὁ ξένος ἐπιστολήν γράφει.
  • Ὁ διδάσκαλος διδάσκει τόν δοῦλον

Negative

The normal negative is oὐ. This changes to oὐκ if the next word starts with a vowel with a smooth breathing, and to oὐχ if the next word starts with a vowel with a rough breathing. The negative normally comes just before the verb.

Examples

  • Ὁ διδάσκαλος λόγον oὐκ ἔχει.
  • Σύμμαχον oὐκ ἔχετε
  • Τήν πύλην oὐ φυλάσσεις.

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