The word order and the negative in Classical Greek

Word Order

This is much more flexible than in Latin. The verb need not come at the end, though it can.


  • Ἀκούω τήν βοήν.
  • Ὁ ἄγγελος διώκει τόν δοῦλον.
  • Ὁ στρατός φυλάσσει τόν ποταμόν. 
  • Ὁ ξένος ἐπιστολήν γράφει.
  • Ὁ διδάσκαλος διδάσκει τόν δοῦλον


The normal negative is oὐ. This changes to oὐκ if the next word starts with a vowel with a smooth breathing, and to oὐχ if the next word starts with a vowel with a rough breathing. The negative normally comes just before the verb.


  • Ὁ διδάσκαλος λόγον oὐκ ἔχει.
  • Σύμμαχον oὐκ ἔχετε
  • Τήν πύλην oὐ φυλάσσεις.

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