Cases and syntactic functions



The Greek language, like all human languages, has a Lexicon and a Grammar that are used to create sentences. The Lexicon consists of the words that exist in the language. These words have a form and carry a meaning.
Cases and syntactic functions
Some languages express the grammatical relations between the sentence constituents by placing them in specific positions, i.e. S – V – O. English is such a language. In English, the subject (S) comes before the verb in affirmative sentences and the object (O) follows the verb. Other languages, like Greek, express grammatical relations through their system of inflection. One aspect of this system is the endings.                                  
A clause always has a subject and a verb. However, in Greek, the subject might be omitted. This happens because a verb form always has an ending indicating the subject. Therefore, it is not necessary to use the pronoun: εγώ (Ι), εσύ (you), αυτός (he), αυτή(she), εμείς (we), εσείς (you) αυτοί ( they).

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