The use of genitive case

 The use of genitive case
Possession: Αυτό είναι το βιβλίο του Νικου.  This is Nikos’ book.
The subject of an action (subjective genitive): Όλοι μιλούσαν για το σκορ του Πέτρου. Everybody was talking about Petros’ score. ( Who scored? Petros. =>  Petros is the subject.)
The object of an action (objective genitive):  Η αγάπη του Πέτρου την έκανε να ξεχάσει τα πάντα.  The love for Petros (Petros’ love) made her forget everything. (Whom does she love? Petros. => Petros is the object.)
Purpose, use: Χρειαζόμαστε ποτήρια του κρασιού και του νερού. We need wine glasses and water glasses.
Property, quality: Η Ουρανία ήταν η Μούσα της αστρονομίας.  Urania was the Muse of Astronomy.
Place: Έκανα βόλτα στους δρόμους του χωριού. I strolled through the village. (Lit: I walked through the roads of the village)
Time: Θα έρθουν στις Ελλάδα στις 17 Ιουνίου.They will come to Greece on the 17th of July.
Duration: Έκανε ένα ταξίδι τεσσάρων ημερών. He had a four-day trip.
Dimensions: Μένουν σε ένα διαμέρισμα διακοσίων τετραγωνικών μέτρων. They live in a 200 sm apartment.
A part of the whole: Τα παιδιά της γειτονιάς πηγαίνουν στο δημόσιο σχολείο. The children of the neighborhood go to the public school.
Comparison: Έχουμε την πιο καλή μαμά του κόσμου! We have the best mom in the world! (Lit: of the world)
Origin: Γύρισε ο γιος της Μαργαρίτας; Has Margarita’s son come back?
The creator (writer, painter etc.): Τα παιδιά μελετούν την Ιθάκη του Καβάφη. The children are studying Cavafis’ Ithaca.
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