Nouns +Definite article- Nominative & Accusative Case

Nominative case

masculinefeminineneuter
o αδερφόςη αδερφήτο παιδί
ο γυμναστήςη δουλειάτο δωμάτιο
ο χαρακτήραςτο μάθημα
ο καφές

When do we use the nominative case?

The nominative indicates:

the subject in a phrase. The subject is found when we ask the question who.

O άντρας θέλει καφέ.  The man wants coffee. Who wants coffee?  The man / O άντρας.  The noun ο άντρας is in the nominative case.

Accusative case

masculinefeminineneuter
τον αδερφότην αδερφήτο παιδί
τον γυμναστήτην δουλειάτο δωμάτιο
τον χαρακτήρατο μάθημα
τον καφέ

When do we use the accusative case?

in order to indicate the direct object of the verb. The direct object is found when we ask the question what or whom

H Μαρία θέλει τον Γιώργο. Maria wants George. Whom does Maria want? τον Γιώργο. George. The noun τον Γιώργο is in the accusative case.

Απολαμβάνω την μουσική. [εγώ is the subject of the sentence as the ending of the verb indicates]

Ι enjoy music. What do I enjoy? Την μουσική music. The noun την μουσική is in the accusative case.

After the prepositions 

 με [ with]

 από [from]

για [for]

σε [in/to/at]

Examples :

Eίμαι εδώ με την οικογένειά μου. Ι’m here with my family.

Είμαι από την Αγγλία. I’m from England.

Aυτή η μπύρα είναι για τον Γιώργο. Τhis beer is for George.

Πάω στην δουλειά. Ι’ m going to work.

You can also read:Cases and syntactic functions

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