Nouns as complements and modifiers of nouns

Within a noun phrase (NP) the head noun might be modified or complemented by another noun which is either in genitive or in the same case as the head noun. For example, in the first sentence the NP in genitive (της μαμάς του) modifies the head noun (παιδί). In the second sentence the NP (η φίλη της Αγκάθας) modifies the NP (η Κλειώ) and they are in the same case.

Ο Λάκης είναι παιδί της μαμάς του.

Η Κλειώ, η φίλη της Αγκάθας, είναι δυναμική

Genitives dependent on nouns

Nouns in the genitive which modify the head noun answer the question “τίνος / ποιανού” and have a range of semantic relations. The NP in the genitive usually indicates possession.

Το ποδήλατο του Λάκη είναι κόκκινο → Το ποδήλατο που έχει ο Λάκης είναι κόκκινο.

It can also denote other semantic relations, such as origin, quality, time / place, quantity, cause, purpose, content etc.

Τα μαθήματα της επόμενης εβδομάδας δεν θα γίνουν

The relationship between the noun in the genitive and the head noun, which is connected to a verb, might correspond to the one that holds between a verb and either its subject or its object.

To τηλεφώνημα της Κλειώς αναστάτωσε το Λάκη → Η Κλειώ τηλεφώνησε και αναστάτωσε το Λάκη

ΝPs in genitive might have certain idiomatic uses.

Το γκρι είναι της μόδας

You can also read: The use of the past participle

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