Glossary Grammar Terms Part 8

Reciprocity (Αλληλοπάθεια): a relation between two or more entities both of which participate in a certain action. It can be expressed by either the medio-passive verb forms or other structures Η Αγκάθα και η Κλειώ συναντιούνται κάθε απόγευμα για καφέ


Reflexivity (Αυτοπάθεια): an action which is performed by the subject of the verb and is directed towards him / herself. It is expressed by medio-passive verb forms or other structures Κάθε πρωί ο Σάκης ξυρίζεται και καμιά φορά κόβεται στο ξύρισμα.


Relative clause (Αναφορική πρόταση): a clause which modifies nouns Η Κλειώ βρήκε τον άντρα που έψαχνε χρόνια.


Relative pronoun (Αναφορική αντωνυμία): a pronoun which is used to introduce relative clauses. The relative pronouns can be either inflected (ο οποίος – η οποία – το οποίο, όποιος – όποια – όποιο, όσος – όση – όσο) or uninflected (που, ό,τι)

Stem (Θέμα): the stable part of an inflected word: άνθρωπ-(ος), ρίχν-(ω). A word can have more than one stem: ρίχν-(ω), (έ)-ριξ-(α)


Stress (Τόνος): the diacritic sign which is positioned over the vowel of the stressed syllable Χάρισέ μου ένα φιλί.


Subject (Υποκείμενο): the subject is the noun phrase which answers the question “who” or “what”. It is marked for the nominative case if it appears in the clause Ο Λάκης κοιμάται πολύ (Ποιος κοιμάται πολύ; → ο Λάκης)


Subjunctive (Υποτακτική): the verb form that is usually preceded by the particle να. In general, it is used to present an event as wanted, expected, intended etc.


Subordinate clause (Δευτερεύουσα πρόταση): a clause that is dependent on or modifies one of the constituents of another clause (see also clause, main clause) Σκέφτεται ότι/ πως/ αν θα τον παντρευτεί


Suffix: a kind of affix. It is always on the end of a stem ανθρωπ-άκι, αλατ-ίζω


Superlative (Υπερθετικός): a form of the adjective denoting that the quality is in excessive mass, represented by -τατος, -τάτη, -τατο Ο Σάκης είναι αποτελεσματικότατος στη δουλειά του.

You can also read: Glossary of Grammar Terms Part 2

Glossary Grammar Terms Part 7

Glossary Grammar Terms Part 5

Are you looking for Greek Lessons/ courses in Manchester or online with a professional teacher? Click here: Modern Greek Language courses to learn more about our Greek lessons. You can choose either face to face lessons – if you live in Manchester- or online courses

63 Comments. Leave new

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Fill out this field
Fill out this field
Please enter a valid email address.