Genders & Articles


There are three genders in Greek: masculinefeminine, and neuter. All nouns have a specific gender, but contrary to English, even things (including concrete objects and abstract ideas) can be masculine, feminine, or neuter, and there is no way to predict the gender from the semantics of the noun – a point that causes a lot of frustration to learners of Greek. For example, the wall is masculine, the door feminine, and the floor neuter. You need to know a noun’s gender because words used with it, such as articles, have corresponding masculine, feminine and neuter forms.

Articles [the definite article]

Singular. Masculine: o    Feminine: η    Neuter: το

Plural.    Masculine:    Feminine: οι   Neuter: τα

You can also read: Personal Pronouns Weak form

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