Prepositions in Greek for the most part work as they do in English . The principal difference is that the object of a Greek preposition must be inflected in either the genitive, dative, or accusative case. The preposition together with its object is called a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE.
Three prepositions illustrate this dynamic. Note that these three have no accent.
εἰς or ἐς + acc. into
εἰς τὸ στόμα into the mouth
ἐν + dat. in
ἐν τῷ στόματι in the mouth
ἐκ + gen. from, out of
ἐκ τοῦ στόματος out of the mouth
ἐκ becomes ἐξ before a vowel:
ἐξ αἵματος out of blood
You can also read: Iota subscript – GCSE Classical Greek
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