Ancient Greek prepositions

Prepositions in Greek for the most part work as they do in English . The principal difference is that the object of a Greek preposition must be inflected in either the genitive, dative, or accusative case. The preposition together with its object is called a PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE.

Three prepositions illustrate this dynamic. Note that these three have no accent.

εἰς or ἐς + acc. into

εἰς τὸ στόμα into the mouth

ἐν + dat. in

ἐν τῷ στόματι in the mouth

ἐκ + gen. from, out of

ἐκ τοῦ στόματος out of the mouth

ἐκ becomes ἐξ before a vowel:

ἐξ αἵματος out of blood

You can also read: Iota subscript – GCSE Classical Greek

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