Glossary of Grammar Terms Part 4

Emphatic pronoun (Εμφατικός τύπος αντωνυμίας): a personal pronoun form mainly used for emphasis and contrast purposes (see also clitic pronoun) Εσένα (σε) ξέρει ο Σαχίνης αλλά εμένα όχι


Ending (Κατάληξη): the final part of an inflected word ανθρώπ-ου, ανθρώπ-ων γράφ-ει, γράφ-ουμε


Gender (Γένος): the grammatical category of nominal forms. Articles, along with the nominal endings (case and number) mark the three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter o Τεό η Αγκάθα το σπίτι


Genitive case (Γενική πτώση): a case form of nominals. Nominals in the genitive case modify the head noun, answer the question “τίνος / ποιανού” and usually indicate possession. The genitive case can also denote origin, quality, time / place, quantity, cause, purpose, content etc. (see also Case) Το ποδήλατο του Γιάννη είναι αγωνιστικό


Head (Κεφαλή): the central element of a phrase which determines the properties of the whole phrase: the noun is the head of the noun phrase; the verb is the head of the verb phrase etc. Noun phrase: Το καινούργιο ρομπότ του Σαχίνη Verb phrase: Tου φτιάχνει καφέ κάθε πρωί


Imperative (Προστακτική): the verb form in the 2nd person either singular or plural, which is mainly used to give orders Πρόσεχε τα λόγια σου!


Imperfective aspect (Μη-συνοπτική άποψη): Imperfective verb forms emphasize the internal structure of the event, i.e. whether the event takes place habitually or continuously over a period of time (see also Aspect, Perfective aspect) τρέχω / έτρεχα / θα τρέχω πέντε χιλιόμετρα για δυο ώρες χωρίς να σταματήσω / κάθε μέρα


Impersonal verb (Απρόσωπο ρήμα): a verb which appears only in the third person singular. The most common impersonal verbs are the weather verbs (βρέχει, χιονίζει…) and the verb πρέπει Βρέχει πολύ στο Λονδίνο. Πρέπει να βρέχει πολύ στο Λονδίνο


Indefinite article (Αόριστο άρθρο): the article ένας, μια, ένα. It denotes nonspecific entities with the noun it modifies Μια φορά κι έναν καιρό πήγαινα συχνά στη Σαντορίνη

You can also read: Glossary of Grammar Terms Part 2

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