This is the word for the. Latin has no equivalent, but in Greek, it is very important. In case there is no article, translate a: e.g. ὁ δοῦλος=the slave, δοῦλος= a slave

masculine         nominative  ὁ 

                          accusative  τόν  

feminine           nominative

                          accusative  τήν

Notice the similarities to the noun endings. Again -v marks the accusative
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