Grammar: THE GREEK ALPHABET
 The Greek Alphabet consists of 24 letters of which 7 are vowels and 17 consonants. Some letters look familiar as they can be found in the English alphabet as well.
 Anyone who knows how to pronounce the Greek letters can pronounce any written word in the language; this is unlike English, where we often don’t know how a word is pronounced unless we have heard it spoken.

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE
Here is the Greek alphabet, capitals and lower case, with the corresponding English sounds in bold type:
A                          α                 cat
B                          β                 very
Γ                          γ                 ugly/ yes[i]
Δ                          δ                 mother
Ε                          ε                 hem
Ζ                          ζ                 zip
Η                          η                 meet
Θ                          θ                 think
Ι                           ι                  meet
Κ                          κ                 king
Λ                          λ                 lemon
Μ                         μ                 map
Ν                          ν                 net
Ξ                          ξ                 fax
Ο                          ο                 pot
Π                          π                 pepper
Ρ                          ρ                 three
Σ                          σ/s[ii]          sweets
Τ                          τ                  ten
Υ                          υ                 meet
Φ                          φ                 fun
Χ                          χ                 huge
Ψ                          ψ                 copse
Ω                          ω                pot

 Note: Taken on their own, seven letters of the alphabet represent vowel sounds (a, ε, η, ι, o, υ, ω), and seventeen represent consonant sounds (all the rest). But when some letters are combined together, they are pronounced different.



[i] Pronunciation(ugly) when followed consonants
Pronunciation (yes) when followed by vowels
[ii] There are two lower-case versions of this letter:- σ is used at the beginning or within a word, and -s is used exclusively for the final letter of a word.
LETTER COMBINATIONS
Certain letter combinations also produce specific sounds:
AI                                αι                                 hem
EI                                ει                                 meet
OI                                oι                                 meet
OY                              oυ                                soon
AY                              αυ                                have/ raft
EY                               ευ                                never/left
MΠ                              μπ                                bed
ΝΤ                               ντ                                 doctor
ΓΚ                               γκ                                goal
ΓΓ                                γγ                                 goal
ΓΧ                               γχ                                 Birmingham
ΑΪ                                αϊ                                 eye
Greek words with more than one syllable carry an accent ΄ to show which sound in the word is stressed. In spoken Greek, getting the stress right is as important as good pronunciation. For more help on the alphabet and pronunciation, go to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TqzemlAVn6g  
Greek pronunciation guide.
Put it all together



Ø Here’s the Greek alphabet
Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω
α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω
 Can you find six Greek letters that sound like English letters and look like them in both capitals and lower case?
Ø Link the capitals with the lower-case letters in the box below by drawing a line between them- then check with alphabet above.
ω            Γ         η      Λ       μ     Ν
Π          ρ          Σ       υ       Ω    γ     Υ
σ/ς       Ρ         π        ν        Μ   λ     Η
Notice the two lower-case versions of the Greek Letter Σ:
σ & ς. s is only used at the end of a word.
Ø Write the number of the Greek letter that matches the equivalent English sound shown in bold print in the words below.
1. γ                                      man
2. η & υ                              pull
3. λ                                      sun
4.μ                                      tee
5.ν                                       hot    
6.π                                      lid
7. ρ                                     yes
8.σ/ς                                   red
9. ω &ο                              net